HUM 2023 Module 04 Written Assignment Big Five Personality Trait Rasmussen

Module 04 Written Assignment

People have different personalities that define their perspectives and perception of things and how they interact with others. Theorists assert that understanding a personality entails the position that all people have certain traits or characteristic ways of behaving. Two of the most used personality theories or models are the Big Fiver Personality and Cattell’s sixteen factors of personality, 16 PF model (Shahzad et al., 2021). The purpose of this paper is to describe each Big Five personality trait, provide an overview of Cattell’s 16PF inventory. The HUM 2023 Module 04 Written Assignment Big Five Personality Trait Rasmussen paper compares and contrast the two models by taking the inventory and reflection on the outcomes.

HUM 2023 Module 04 Written Assignment Big Five Personality Trait Rasmussen – Description of the Big Five Personality Trait

Personalities contain an individual’s thought patterns, feelings, and behaviors that make each person distinct of unique. These aspects have a significant role in every part of individuals’ lives, from friendship, hobbies and careers. The Big Five personality traits describe and measure individual differences. The five personality traits in this model include neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Neuroticism entails the level of negative emotions that one experiences and how much they affect them. For instance, when one experiences high levels of depression, anxiety and self-consciousness, they have high levels of neuroticism. Extraversion is a trait of being warm and enthusiastic in social interactions and assertive as well as seeking sensation. For instance, individuals who tend to talk more than others and taking leading roles in groups and are outgoing have this type of personality.

Openness emphasizes increased levels of imagination and insight. Individuals who have high levels of openness tend to show interest in different aspects of life. They are curious about everything happening and what people are doing. They are also eager to learn new things and enjoy new experience. For instance, people who are creative and like adventurous activities such as mountaineering have this personality. Agreeableness as a personality trait entails attributes like trust, altruism, kindness and affection as well as other prosocial behaviors (Obschonka et al., 2020). Individuals with high levels of agreeableness are cooperative while those low in this trait tend to be more competitive and even manipulative.

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Conscientiousness as a personality trait entails high levels of thoughtfulness, effective control of one’s impulse, and having goal-oriented behaviors. Individuals with high levels of conscientiousness are organized and keen on details. For instance, they plan ahead, consider how their conduct impact others, and are mindful of deadlines. The implication is that these personality traits define one’s overall conduct and interaction with others.

Overview of Cattell’s 16PFTheory

Developed by Raymond Cattell after his analysis of Allport’s list that had 171 characteristics to define personality, the 16PF model focuses on 16 key factors that define one’s overall personality. Cattell asserts that individuals experience a continuum of personality traits implying that each person possesses all these traits to a certain level. However, they may be high in some and low in other traits. The sixteen factors include emotional stability, liveliness, socially secure, vigilance, apprehension and abstractedness, dominance and liveliness, openness to change, perfectionism, reasoning or logic, rule consciousness, self-reliance, sensitivity and tension, and warmth (Chiou et al., 2021). While the 16PF model in analyzing personality is used, many believe that these factors can be reduced to fewer dimensions that underpin personality like through the five-factor model.

Results of the Big Five and 16PF Inventory

            The results of the Big Five personality test and the 16PF inventory show related results. In the Big Five personality test, the results indicate that I have low levels of neuroticism at 52, high scores in extraversion at 93, openness to experience at 94, agreeableness at 107, and conscientiousness at 112. I agree with these results since they are a practical depiction of my personality that is based on high levels of extraversion, being open to new knowledge, high levels of organization and having concern for others as well as being close to people (The Big Five Test, n.d). Similarly, the results from the 16PF inventory test show that my personality type is protagonist with high level of extraversion at 77%, intuitive at 73%, feeling at 74%, judging at 97%, and assertiveness at 74% (16 Personalities, n.d). The results also show that I can take up the role of a diplomat and based on people mastery as a strategy. Again, I agree with the results from the 16 personality test since they only reinforce the outcomes from the Big Five personality test.

Comparing and Contrasting the Results

The results from both tests show high levels of similarity in their depiction of my personality traits characterization. For instance, they all agree that I am extroverted, assertive and have a lot of trust in people. I also make friends and value altruism as well as cooperation. The results also demonstrate that I control, regulate and effectively manage impulses, including emotions and stress. I also have self-discipline or will-power to be persistent in difficult situations (Plessen et al., 2020). The only difference between these results is the level of score among the different components of the evaluation. However, most of the components are similar based on what they ask when taking the tests.

Explanation for the Results

The results of the Big Five personality test show high levels in four of the five areas. This implies that I have high levels of openness, conscientiousness, agreeableness, and extraversion. High scores in openness in this test means that I like new ideas, have interest in arts, high levels of self-awareness and high interests in intellect and arts as well as eagerness to engage in new activities like travel and experiencing new things. The results of the 16 Personality traits are also categorical that I am assertive and outgoing, organized and aware of others’ issues as well as taking a genuine concern and interest in such matters and generating viable solutions (Shahzad et al., 2021). The implication is that these results provide a true depiction of my personality in different ways, from professional organization to executing roles in various situations.

HUM 2023 Module 04 Written Assignment Big Five Personality Trait Rasmussen Conclusion

Personality tests are essential as they enable people to know their conduct and characteristics. These tests show the level of one’s perspective and how they relate to others leading to effective performance and execution of their duties. The Big Five personality model and the 16PF inventory are similar based on the components of characteristics that they show about individuals and their characteristics.


Chiou, P. Z., Mulder, L., & Jia, Y. (2021). On pathology laboratory recruitment and retention:

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Obschonka, M., Lee, N., Rodríguez-Pose, A., Eichstaedt, J. C., & Ebert, T. (2020). Big data

methods, social media, and the psychology of entrepreneurial regions: capturing cross-county personality traits and their impact on entrepreneurship in the USA. Small Business Economics, 55, 567-588. DOI:10.1007/s11187-019-00204-2

Plessen, C. Y., Franken, F. R., Ster, C., Schmid, R. R., Wolfmayr, C., Mayer, A. M., … & Tran,

U. S. (2020). Humor styles and personality: A systematic review and meta-analysis on the relations between humor styles and the Big Five personality traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 154, 109676. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2019.109676

Shahzad, K., Raja, U., & Hashmi, S. D. (2021). Impact of Big Five personality traits on authentic

leadership. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 42(2), 208-218. DOI:10.1108/LODJ-05-2019-0202

The Big Five Test. (n.d). Personality Test.

16 Personalities (n.d). Your Profile. Assertive Protagonist (ENFJ-A).

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