How to Write a Discussion Paper: Best Tips


Crafting a discussion paper may look like a back-breaking task, but with the proper approach, you can write an engaging and insightful connote that helps you to share your idea. Whether you are a student looking to excel in academic discussion or a professional aiming to communicate your ideas, we have you covered. How do you write a discussion step by step? Read on.

Parts of the discussion paper

A typical discussion paper includes sections such as:

  1. Introduction

The introduction section offers context and outlines the main purpose and scope of the paper

  1. Literature review

In this section, you share existing research and viewpoints related to your topic

  1. Methodology

Discuss the methods you used to gather and analyze information.

  1. Results

Present the findings of your research or analysis

  1. Discussion

Discuss your results in the context of your research question or hypothesis.

  1. Conclusion

Restate the relevance of your findings, summarize your paper’s main arguments, and perhaps offer some directions for future research.

  1. References

List all the sources you cited in your paper.

Choosing a relevant discussion research paper topic

Selecting an ideal discussion paper topic is crucial. Here is how to choose a suitable and engaging discussion paper!

  1. Understand your interests

Begin by listing subjects or areas that genuinely interest you. Choose a topic you are passionate about, which will make your research process enjoyable and motivate you to delve deeper.

  1. Narrow down your focus

If the initial interest is broad, you can narrow it to a specific aspect or question.

  1. Literature review

Do preliminary research to see the existing research on your potential topic. This will help you to understand previous research and identify gaps where your research could contribute.

  1. Brainstorm

Create specific research questions related to your narrowed-down topic.

  1. Understand relevance

What is the relevance of your topic in your fields or current events? Select a topic that holds significance to your targeted audience.

  1. Feasibility

Ensure that there are resources and time available for your research.

  1. Flexibility

As you deepen your research, you might need to adjust or refine your discussion paper topic based on new insights or challenges

How to write the introduction

Writing a compelling introduction essential for capturing the reader’s attention and setting the tone for your discussion paper. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to write an ideal introduction:

  1. Hook the Reader

Start with an attention-grabbing hook. This could be a thought-provoking question, a relevant anecdote, or a brief scenario related to your discussion topics. You can use

  1. Give context

After writing the hook, write a short overview of the broader context of the topic. Explain why the topic is crucial and worth delving into. Highlight any current developments around your chosen topic.

  1. State the research question

State the research question or problem you wish to discuss. Your research question should be concise and thus give the reader a clear picture of what you wish to explore.

  1. Outline the purpose

Mention the purpose of the paper. Provide reasons why you aim to achieve or discover in your research. Outline your papers’ scope and explain how far you can go with your research.

  1. Write the thesis statement

The thesis statement is your paper’s central argument or main point. The thesis statement is a clear and specific sentence addressing your research questions. The thesis statement is typically at the end of the introduction.

  1. Highlight the structure

Provide the reader with a brief over of how you have organized your paper. You can mention the key sections or points you will cover in the following parts of the discussion paper. Highlighting the structure helps the reader understand the flow of your discussion.

  1. Keep it short

Even though the introduction provides context, you must keep it short and sweet. Do not go into unnecessary detail, and save the meat of your discussion paper for the body section.

  1. Do not plagiarize

Write the introduction in your own words, and do not copy from other secondary sources. If you use any sections, cite and reference them accurately!

How to write a discussion section of a research paper

The body of your discussion paper is where you delve into the main points, arguments, and evidence that supports your thesis statement. In this body section, in a logical and organized manner. Here is how you can write the discussion section of a research paper!

  1. Structure your points

Begin by writing and outlining the key points of arguments you wish to share in the body section. These points will directly relate to and contribute to your thesis statement.

  1. Topic sentences

Begin each paragraph with a clear topic sentence that intrudes your main argument. Your topic sentence sets the tone and direction for the rest of the section.

  1. Provide evidence

After introducing your topic sentence, provide evidence to support your argument. You can use evidence such as quotes, examples, and personal experiences. Ensure that your evidence is credible and relevant.

  1. Explain and analyze

The next step is providing evidence. You should have evidence to support your argument. Analyze the significance and the evidence and its connection to your thesis. Your critical thinking and analytical skills should be apparent in this section.

  1. Use clear transitions

Use clear transitional phrases and sentences to guide the reader from one section to another. Transitioning will help to maintain the flow of your essay and make it easier for the reader to follow the flow of your writing.

  1. Address counterarguments

You should address the counterarguments depending on the discussion paper topic. What are the objections to your points? Give responses that strengthen the overall arguments.

  1. Avoid repetition

Although it is essential to reinforce your points, do not repeat the same information or arguments. Avoid all the topics that have been overly discussed. Look for unique and solid angles to explore each subject.

  1. Maintain a logical structure

Keep a logical structure. Ensure that each paragraph uses a logical sequence. You can use subheadings to arrange your argument, especially in longer essays!

  1. Use examples

Use concrete case studies and examples to make your points relatable and vivid. Using examples helps to build arguments and make your arguments more persuasive.

  1. Cite sources properly

When using external sources, cite the sources as per the citation style. According to the instructions, you can use APA, MLA, or any other. Citing sources will make you a serious student and enhance your paper’s credibility.

  1. Balance and depth

Look for an advanced exploration of your topic. Do not spend too much time or sentence on a single point while neglecting the rest. Ensure that you balance out the depth of each sentence.

  1. Conclusion of each point

Finish each body paragraph by summarizing the main point, the evidence you provide, and the analysis. Concluding each point will prepare the reader for the next point!

How to write the conclusion

Writing a strong conclusion is crucial for leaving a lasting impression on your readers. You also need to summarize the key points. Here is how to write a discussion in the paper’s conclusion:

  1. Reiterate the thesis

Start by uniquely restating the thesis statement. Restating the thesis reminds the reader of the main arguments you have been discussing in your discussion paper.

  1. Summarize main points

Summarize the critical arguments in the body section of your paper. Focus on the main points or aspects and do not introduce new information.

  1. Address the research question

Ideally, your discussion paper answers a specific research question. You, therefore, need to address the research question in conclusion.

  1. Highlight the significance

Highlight the importance of your topic. Focus on the relevance of your topic in a broad context. Discuss why your research matter and how it contributed to the existing body knowledge.

  1. Connect to the introduction

Refer back to the hook in the introduction. Connecting to the introduction, build clearly and closer.

  1. Provide insights or recommendations

Depending on the nature of your paper, you might need to provide insights and recommendations. You can also suggest further research. Provided understanding expresses your critical thinking and analytical skills. You also need to consider the implications of the points you have discussed.

  1. Leave a lasting thought

Put a thought-provoking statement, a call to action, or a more profound perspective in your conclusion. This gives the reader something to think about after reading your discussion research paper.

The bottom line

Following the steps outlined above, mastering how to write an outstanding discussion paper that engages the readers and earns top grades is easy. By carefully selecting a topic, researching thoroughly, and sticking to the discussion paper structure. You can also get further help from our expert in writing your discussion research paper. Sign up now to place your order!

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