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Critiquing a Research Design

A research design is an overall strategy chosen to integrate the study’s components to ensure it is logically presented. Every part, such as research problems, measurement and data analysis, is effectively discussed in context. Research designs are chosen for a specific study based on the practicality of their applicability and ethical issues that may affect the study (Granić & Marangunić, 2019). Components include a purpose statement, data collection methods used, methods for data analysis, research methodologies, setting of the research study, analysis measurements and possible limitations. The purpose statement is used to announce the intended purpose of the results and provides the scope and direction that the study will take.

Data collection methods are typically used to access information from a study group; they can involve interviews, questionnaires, documents and records, focus groups and other methodologies. Methods for data analysis are used to understand dynamics at play within the study; they include regression, factors, cluster or cohort analysis and can be applied to understand how different parameters are in play in a study (Wang & Cheng, 2020). The research study components discussed above are essential factors to consider, among other components, while taking on a study to ensure efficacy and achievement of research goals.

In this project, a study is done using Hand Hygiene Protocol to Reduce Hospital Acquired Infections to improve Hand washing among Nurses. The nature of this stud prompts that a cross-sectional study or incidence study is carried out as the preferred EBP research design. Cross-Sectional Study or Incidence Study is a descriptive and quantitative study that establishes the relationship between clinical factors at a single point in time (Drisko & Grady, 2019). A cross-sectional study is helpful to ensure that the baseline information is established on the incidence of some instances in a specific area. For example, it can be used to establish incidences of infections acquired by nurses due to poor hygiene within the hospital. According to Wang and Cheng (2020), Cross-sectional studies are also valuable in describing parameters in a manner that leads to effective policy planning.   Moreover, this study can efficiently provide insights on comparing the number of nurses who acquired infection and those who did not and other constraints such as incidences of hospital-acquired infections and their prevalence.

Article Related to PICOT Question

In the study on the use of patient hand hygiene protocol to decrease hospital-acquired infection and improve nurses’ hand washing by Fox et al., (2015), there is extensive study as to what nature of protocol can be adapted for extensive exploitation of this topic. The research design was a qualitative comparison of the rates of common infection acquired in hospitals among nurses. Other parameters included catheter-associated UTIs. The study gathered reports after 12 months with increased rates of nurses washing hands and improved compliance (Fox et al., 2015). However, other factors influencing hand hygiene among workers are system changes and institutional safety climate. The chosen method is relevant for the study because it sought to gather insights about interaction with patient safety in different healthcare facilities. The interpretation of the study is that most healthcare facilities have intermediate hand hygiene levels based on finances. However, it confirms that with the right resources, proper leadership and strategic implementation under which the Hand Hygiene Protocol is classified, positive results can be recorded.

Relationship Between Study Purpose, Literature Review, Research Question and Theoretical Framework

The purpose of the study was to establish the level of implementation of hand hygiene within different healthcare facilities and the factors that affect it through a survey (Fox et al., 2015). The study literature review is not quite extensive. However, it is used to justify this study’s research gap, which is also clearly indicated within the study (de Kraker et al., 2022). The research question and hypotheses for the study are not straightforward. However, the objectives are clearly stated, which are used to s keep the study focused.

Moreover, the study aim lacks complex hypotheses for testing. The research design is extensive and effective, involving recruits from around the world, using 25 per cent of WHO members in different regions (de Kraker et al., 2022). The research design was aligned correctly with the study purpose and literature review, providing insights about the topic and results initially projected by the study’s theoretical framework. Essentially, the study was effective, giving the expected results and outcomes contributing to the topic of Patient Hygiene Protocol and reduction of  Hospital Acquired Infection through maintaining proper hand hygiene.

 

 

References

de Kraker, M. E., Tartari, E., Tomczyk, S., Twyman, A., Francioli, L. C., Cassini, A., Allegranzi, B., & Pittet, D. (2022). Implementation of hand hygiene in health-care facilities: Results from the who hand hygiene self-assessment framework global survey 2019. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 22(6), 835–844. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1473-3099(21)00618-6

Drisko, J. W., & Grady, M. D. (2019). Step 3 of EBP: Part 1—evaluating research designs. Essential Clinical Social Work Series, 107–122. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-15224-6_6

Fox, C., Wavra, T., Drake, D. A., Mulligan, D., Bennett, Y. P., Nelson, C., Kirkwood, P., Jones, L., & Bader, M. K. (2015). Use of a patient hand hygiene protocol to reduce hospital-acquired infections and improve nurses’ hand washing. American Journal of Critical Care, 24(3), 216–224. https://doi.org/10.4037/ajcc2015898

Granić, A., & Marangunić, N. (2019). Technology acceptance model in educational context: A systematic literature review. British Journal of Educational Technology, 50(5), 2572–2593. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjet.12864

Wang, X., & Cheng, Z. (2020). Cross-sectional studies. Chest, 158(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2020.03.012

 

 

QUESTION:

 Use of a Patient Hand Hygiene Protocol to Reduce Hospital-Acquired Infections and Improve Nurses’ Hand Washing.

In preparation for this discussion board, explore the different types of research designs.

Discuss components of an effective research design. Identify which research design/method you think would be best for your developing evidence-based practice (EBP) project and provide a rationale for your choice.
Choose an additional article related to your PICOT question. Discuss the design, statistical analyses, and results of the research article. Describe how the chosen research method was relevant to the research question. Be sure to attach a PDF of the article for your peers and instructor.
Explain relationships among the study purpose, review of literature, research question or hypotheses, theoretical framework, ethics, and design in your chosen article.

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